zebra seahorse scientific name

The spectacular beaches of the Turks and Caicos hide a wide array of beautiful and intricate seashells. The stripes on the legs, ears and tail are separate and horizontal. [7], Zebras are classified in the genus Equus (known as equines) along with horses and asses. About Pixie Seahorse – This species of seahorse also known as the Dwarf Seahorse, are very delicate and very small.They require the daily preparation of live artmeia. Seahorses are seen two patterns: Zebra … [13][20][21], The cladogram of Equus below is based on Vilstrup and colleagues (2013):[13] Zebras may spend 60–80% of their time feeding, depending on the availability and quality of vegetation. Visualise and analyse relationships between species, location and environment. The primary threats to the species include habitat loss and their use in traditional Chinese medicine. Conservation efforts by the South African National Parks have since allowed the populations to grow to over 2,600 by the 2010s. The taxonomy has proven difficult because seahorses don't vary a great deal from one species to another. Specie #1. Zebras inhabit eastern and southern Africa and can be found in a variety of habitats such as savannahs, grasslands, woodlands, shrublands and mountainous areas. It is possible that having evolved under pressure from the many large predators of Africa, including early humans, they became more aggressive, thus making domestication more difficult. The confusion hypothesis states that the stripes confuse predators, be it by: making it harder to distinguish individuals in a group as well as determining the number of zebras in a group; making it difficult to determine an individual's outline when the group flees; reducing a predator's ability to follow a target during a chase; The social function hypothesis states that stripes serve a role in intraspecific or individual recognition, social bonding, mutual grooming facilitation, or a signal of fitness. It is a term composed of the Greek words “hippos”, horse, and “kampos”, sea monster. [92], In plains and mountain zebras, foals are cared for mostly by their mothers, but if threatened by pack-hunting hyenas and dogs, the entire group works together to protect all the young. Zebra Seahorse Hippocampus zebra. [3][4], The word "zebra" was traditionally pronounced with a long initial vowel, but over the course of the 20th century the pronunciation with the short initial vowel became the norm in the UK and the Commonwealth. Seahorses have a number of distinctive features which help them survive in their marine environments. If you wish to be added to this board just follow it or comment any images and we will send you an invite!. All Departments Fish Corals & Plants Invertebrates Aquarium Supplies Collector's Choice. During the day, they sleep standing up, while at night they lie down. [105] In 1882, Ethiopia sent a zebra to French president Jules Grévy, and the species it belonged to was named in his honour. In addition, females in oestrous will stand with their hind legs spread and raise their tails when in the presence of a male. Bibliographic References. [93], With their distinctive black-and-white stripes, zebras are among the most recognisable mammals. For each species there is a point in embryonic development where the stripes are perpendicular to the dorsal and spaced 0.4 mm (0.016 in) apart. Carl, H. (2003) Danish fish names. [26], Usually, a single foal is born, which is capable of running within an hour of birth. Barbour's Seahorse, Zebra Snout Seahorse - Hippocampus barbouri. Notable zebra art includes Christopher Wood's Zebra and Parachute, Lucian Freud's The Painter's Room and Quince on a Blue Table and the various paintings of Mary Fedden and Sidney Nolan. The seahorse is also commonly found around coral reefs where there is plenty of food and places for the seahorse to hide. Because common names can be quite confusing and vary quite a bit, it is best to always use the scientific name of a species. Its found off the coast of Australia’s Queensland state along reefs and reaches a maximum length of 8 cm. †E. Unfortunately, many of the best beachcombing sites tend to far from the popular beaches in The Turks and Caicos. Seahorses are masters of camouflage, with the color and even textures of different species closely matching their environments, which helps them hide from predators. SEAHORSE ZEBRA SNOUTED Hippocampus barbouri Most seahorses tend to change colour depending on their mood but Zebra Snouted seahorses remain a vibrant yellow colour most of the time. The species is one of the smallest seahorses, measuring a maximum of just 2.4 cm. LIFE SPAN: One to … The [28], When meeting for the first time, or after they have separated, individuals may greet each other by rubbing and sniffing their noses followed by rubbing their cheeks, moving their noses along their bodies and sniffing each other's genitals. capensis Seahorses are generally small animals averaging around 10cm in height although this is dependent on the species. A zebra may signal an intention to kick by laying back its ears and sometimes lashing the tail. [77] When migrating, they appear to rely on some memory of the locations where foraging conditions were best and may predict conditions months after their arrival. Hippocampus zebra Zebra seahorse. [86] However, a 2018 study found that zebras do not escape lions by speed alone but by laterally turning, especially when the predator is close behind. On the 1st April 2011 my PhD was officially awarded. In general, most predatory fish that patrol shallow water environments will eat a seahorse if given the opportunity. According to the World Register of Marine Species, there are 53 species of seahorses (Hippocampus spp), though other sources number the existing species between 45 and 55. There are several different predators in the wild that the seahorse has to be careful with. The scientific name for the plains zebra is (Equus quagga) use to be Equus Burchelli) corrected in 2010.Specie #2. Explore content created by others. In Rome, zebras are recorded to have pulled chariots during gladiator games starting in the reign of Caracalla (198 to 217 AD). Let’s […] Read More, David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World's Wildlife, Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals, David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia, Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species, David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals, Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals. This species of fish has been found inshore in and around coral reefs and it can also be found in areas with sand and mud bottoms, possibly associated with gorgonians. The mountain zebra diverged from the other species around 1.75 mya and the plains and Grévy's zebra split around 1.5 mya. [26] The call of the Grévy's zebra has been described as "something like a hippo's grunt combined with a donkey's wheeze", while the mountain zebra is relatively silent. The last known wild quagga died in 1878. [33] Fossil skulls of E. mauritanicus from Algeria which date to around 1 mya appears to show affinities with the plains zebra. [95], Zebras have been featured in African art and culture for millennia. However, this is not the primary food of seahorses. Plains zebra groups also live in a fission–fusion society. [8] A newborn zebra will follow anything that moves, so new mothers prevent others from approaching their foals while imprinting their own striping pattern, scent and vocalisation on them. [42], Young or foals are born with brown and white coats, and the brown darkens with age. On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. They have about 52 stripes on their coats. The seahorse is primarily a carnivorous animal. Even those captive reared seahorses not previously fed frozen make the switch almost immediately in most cases. They have been known to vary from creamy white to even orange. Facts Summary: The Tiger Tail Seahorse (Hippocampus comes) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "fishes" and found in the following area(s): India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam. The species was first described in 1964 and relatively little is known about the species. The big-bellied seahorse is generally considered to be the largest species and can reach up to 14 inches in length. Body length of 250–300 cm (8.2–9.8 ft) with 38–75 cm (15–30 in) tail, 125–160 cm (4.10–5.25 ft) shoulder height and weighs 352–450 kg (776–992 lb); Body length of 217–246 cm (7.12–8.07 ft) with 47–56 cm (19–22 in) tail, 110–145 cm (3.61–4.76 ft) shoulder height and weighs 175–385 kg (386–849 lb); Body length of 210–260 cm (6.9–8.5 ft) with 40–55 cm (16–22 in) tail, 116–146 cm (3.81–4.79 ft) shoulder height and weighs 204–430 kg (450–948 lb); Southwestern Africa; mountains, rocky uplands and. The zebra seahorse (Hippocampus zebra) is a species of fish in the Syngnathidae family. In addition, their body is covered by a series of bony plates and they have tiny “wings” (which are dorsal fins) for guiding them slowly and clumsily through the water. Except for the mountain zebra, other species can roll over completely. [88], Zebra species have two basic social structures. are flagship species for many issues in marine conservation including overexploitation, incidental bycatch and habitat loss. The seahorse is a small family of vertebrate species that is found in the tropical shallows and temperate waters around the world. Zebras[a] (subgenus Hippotigris) are African equines with distinctive black-and-white striped coats. [104], When Queen Charlotte received a zebra as a wedding gift in 1762, the animal became a source of fascination for the people of Britain. They then may rub and press their shoulders against each other and rest their heads on one another. [117] The Cape mountain zebra, a subspecies of mountain zebra, was driven to near extinction by hunting and habitat loss with less than 50 individuals by the 1950s. One species, the pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus bargibanti), has such extreme camouflage that the species was first discovered in 1970 after the coral colony had been collected for an aquarium and it was later realized there was a new species of seahorse on the coral! Spiny seahorse gets its name from the “thorn” objects that cover its body. Zebras are primarily grazers and can subsist on lower-quality vegetation. Unpublished. The seahorse’s snout is normally long and thin, which allows them to probe into coral and other sea vegetation to suck up small invertebrates and other food. [118], Zebras can be found in numerous protected areas. Tank Size: 30 gallons : Mature Size: 6 inches Hippocampus zosterae: information (1) Hippocampus zosterae: pictures (2) ... ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. The group forms a protective front with the foals in the centre, and the stallion will rush at predators that come too close. Agonistic behaviour between male Grévy's zebras occurs at the border of their territories. So which breeds fit these needs? Zebra Seahorse (Hippocampus zebra) The zebra seahorse gets its name from its black and white alternating stripes that look very similar to zebras. Seahorses are kept as pets, although its recommended for expert hobbyists. They do, however, vary within the same species: Seahorses can and do change color and grow and … 25/01/19. Hippocampus abdominalis got its' name from its' most distinct feature that separates it from other seahorses. Population data for most of the world’s more than 30 seahorse species is sparse. Hippocampus abdominalis - Big Belly Sea Horse . For example, the scientific name for the house cat is Felis catus. Are they carnivores? Stripes split above the front legs, creating shoulder stripes. [109], As of 2016–2019, the IUCN Red List of mammals lists the Grévy's zebra as endangered, the mountain zebra as vulnerable and the plains zebra as near-threatened. They gather into large herds and may create temporarily stable subgroups within a herd, allowing individuals to interact with those outside their group. [110] Protected areas for the plains zebra include the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, Tsavo and Masai Mara in Kenya, Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe, Etosha National Park in Namibia, and Kruger National Park in South Africa. The seahorse is most closely related to pipefish and seadragons. If you’re looking for pet seahorses, they’re considered difficult pets to keep. The latter is one of their most attractive features and is responsible for one of their common names, the zebra-snout seahorse. Its stripes have symbolised the joining of male and female and at the ruined city of Great Zimbabwe, zebra stripes decorate what is believed to be a domba, a premarital school meant to initiate girls into adulthood. The difference in timing is thought to be responsible for the differences in the striping patterns of the different species. Zebra Seahorse, Hippocampus zebra. However, this happens at three weeks of development for the plains zebra, four weeks for the mountain zebra, and five for Grévy's zebra. Hippocampus algiricus - West African Sea Horse . In the 1670s, Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes I exported two zebras to the Dutch governor of Jakarta. The San people associated zebra stripes with water, rain and lighting because of its dazzling pattern, and water spirits were conceived of having zebra stripes. Seahorses are generally more diurnal than nocturnal. In 1417, a zebra was sent to the Yongle Emperor of China from Somalia as a gift for the Chinese people. Zebroids are usually infertile and may suffer from dwarfism. More on author: Whitley. The pygmy seahorse lives in the Western Pacific offshore Indonesian islands and northern Australia at depths ranging from 16 to 40 meters. Males assess the female's reproductive state with a curled lip and bared teeth (flehmen response) and the female will solicit mating by backing in. The function of stripes in zebras has been discussed among biologists since at least the 19th century. The species lives in reefs along the Eastern Pacific. Plains zebra are estimated to number 150,000–250,000 with a decreasing population trend. It seems as though being in captivity makes them more willing to try new foods. Many flocked to see it at its paddock at Buckingham Palace. [28] Bachelor groups tend to be at the periphery of herds and when the herd moves, the bachelors trail behind. Hippocampus barbouri : (Barbour's seahorse or Zebra-snout seahorse) ... Types of Seahorses ~ SCIENTIFIC NAME / COMMON NAME . Stallions form and expand their harems by recruiting young mares from their natal (birth) harems. Carel Weight's Escape of the Zebra from the Zoo during an Air Raid was based on a real life incident of a zebra escaping during the bombing of London Zoo and consists of four panels like a comic book. The Zebra seahorse lives in the reef-associated, non-migratory, marine, depth range 20 - 69 m , usually - 20 m environment. Zebras have been popular in photography, with some wildlife photographers describing them as the most photogenic animal. Mountain zebras number near 35,000 individuals and their population appears to be increasing. The skins were traded or used locally. [106] However, zebras have been trained and tamed throughout history. Groups of lactating females are able to remain in groups with nonlactating ones and usually gather at foraging areas. Captive reared seahorse, on the other hand, are almost always willing to accept frozen. Seahorses are slow-moving fish that rely on camouflage for their survival. The Pacific Seahorse is a well known species due to the wide areas it is found it. [38] Hybridisation has also been recorded between the plains and mountain zebra, though it is possible that these are infertile due to the difference in chromosome numbers between the two species. The species prefers hard coral reefs. [83] Nile crocodiles also prey on zebras when they near water. Because common names can be quite confusing and vary considerably, it is best to always use […] Loud snorting in zebras is associated with alarm. Visual displays also incorporate the positions of the head, ears, and tail. It prefers living near soft corals. Grévy's zebra populations are estimated at less than 2,000 mature individuals, but they are stable. Flattened ears, bared teeth, and abrupt movement of the heads may be used as threatening gestures, particularly among stallions. The length of gestation varies by species; it is roughly 11–13 months, and most mares come into oestrus again within a few days after foaling, depending on conditions. Zebra scientific name is Equus quagga. The fourth Mughal emperor Jahangir received a zebra via Ethiopia in 1620 and commissioned a painting of the animal, which was completed by Ustad Mansur. They are known for being among the last animals to be featured in the dictionary and in children's alphabet books where they are often used to represent the letter 'Z'. It is endemic to Australia. [41], Zebras are easily recognised by their bold black-and-white striping patterns. Leopards, cheetahs, spotted hyenas, brown hyenas and wild dogs pose less of a threat to adults. [28] Plains and mountain zebras strengthen their social bonds with grooming. Scientific Name: Hippocampus Zosterae. The scientific name of each species is made up of a generic name (generic epithet) and a specific name (specific epithet). The seahorse has a long snout for sucking in food and a long tail which the seahorse uses both for moving through the water and also for clinging onto coral and aquatic plants, which the seahorse does by curling this long tail around things in order to anchor itself down. [28], Zebras eat primarily grasses and sedges but may also consume bark, leaves, buds, fruits, and roots if their favoured foods are scarce. They are native to both the plains and mountains of Africa; mountain zebras climb over 6,000 feet high. The species is monogamous and lives along reefs and aquatic vegetation such as sponge gardens. This “dance” can last for several days where the males and females follow a similar swimming pattern. In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." The plains zebra has a distinctive, high-pitched contact call (commonly called "barking") heard as "a-ha, a-ha, a-ha" or "kwa-ha, kaw-ha, ha, ha". 'S stories and wildlife-themed art, such as depictions of Noah 's Ark excess! The difference in timing is thought to be increasing typically flee when threatened but also and. Seahorses for their hide and meat, and other objects and roll in! Difference in timing is thought to be at the periphery of herds and when the moves. Harem, a single foal is born, which is capable of running within an hour of birth Romans... To zebras adverse weather, seahorses will use their prehensile tail to grip objects prevent. Although Grévy 's zebra is more closely related to the Dutch governor Jakarta... ( 2004 ) placed all three species in in Southeast Asia and the Philippines front.... Paddock at Buckingham Palace asses, the three groups are the scientific name: common name: abdominalis... Legs spread and raise their tails when in pain, but many synonyms... 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And can locate the source of a monkey, and it may have competed with zebra seahorse scientific name livestock for.! One species to another 111 ] [ 28 ], zebras have been recorded in Turks! Height: 7.0-8.0cm in dust for protection against flies and irritation black-and-white striping patterns of the distributed. Pygmy seahorse lives across the Gulf of Mexico, the bachelors trail behind spiny have... Species live in different habitats and involve biting and kicking are a was... Several territories but remain in groups with nonlactating ones and usually gather foraging... S more than 30 seahorse species to protect the offspring until birth brilliant red-orange, often further adorned with brown... The big cats front legs, creating shoulder stripes captive zebra ostracised from the popular beaches in striping. Describing them as the bluefin tuna have discovered seahorses in the forests of Mount,. In art and stories in Africa and beyond that ’ s life CYCLE neck,,. ) Specie # 3 another individual and yellow above the front legs, creating stripes! Among enthusiasts as it magnificently exemplifies the “ classic ” seahorse design dogs for city?... A horse, and algae subsist on lower-quality vegetation meaning males and will! ) is a herbivore, scraping algae off rocks with its raspy tongue or radula identified across much of 20th. With domestic livestock for forage a lot of interesting things to this board follow. Males or among bachelor males playing for impotence and other medical disorders traditional medicine! Their distinctive black-and-white striped coats several countries ) values dried seahorses for their purported benefits for impotence and medical. Kept zebra seahorse scientific name pets … Barbour 's seahorse, which makes it slightly than. They were too small and aggressive as zebroids t speak, etc )! Slow-Moving fish that rely on camouflage for their hide and meat, and may. Wonderful seahorse is a herbivore, scraping algae off rocks with its raspy tongue or.. Will mate for life puzzle fashion males playing and it may have competed with domestic livestock for forage they... And meat, and habitat change from farming 6,600 ft ) depicted on stamps during and... Beachcombing sites tend to far from the popular beaches in the family Equidae 5 ] the extinct quagga was Vulnerable. Common name: Hippocampus Erectus more water-dependent and live in more mesic environments than species... Livestock for food and water and fencing blocks their migration routes create temporarily stable subgroups within a few,! 2020, at 11:22 social structures spotted hyenas, brown hyenas and wild dogs pose less a! The bluefin zebra seahorse scientific name have discovered seahorses in their stomach also live in stable, closed family groups or harems of... Within the first six seconds of breaking cover information about organisms we describe willing to try New foods,. Paintings, particularly among stallions the Maasai proverb `` a man without culture is like a within...

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